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上一个贴由下到上的介绍了FLASH硬件驱动是如何与MTD原始设备建立联系的,现在再由上到下的研究一下是如何通过MTD原始设备来访问FLASH硬件驱动的。

首先分析一下如何通过MTD原始设备进而通过FLASH硬件驱动来读取FLASH存储器的数据。

引用自<<Linux系统移植>>一文:

"读Nand Flash:
当对nand flash的设备文件(nand flash在/dev下对应的文件)执行系统调用read(),或在某个文件系统中对该
设备进行读操作时. 会调用struct mtd_info中的read方法,他们缺省调用函数为nand_read(),在
drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c中定义.nand_read()调用nand_do_read_ecc(),执行读操作. 在
nand_do_read_ecc()函数中,主要完成如下几项工作:
1. 会调用在nand flash驱动中对struct nand_chip重载的select_chip方法,即
s3c2410_nand_select_chip()选择要操作的MTD芯片.
2. 会调用在struct nand_chip中系统缺省的方法cmdfunc发送读命令到nand flash.
3. 会调用在nand flash驱动中对struct nand_chip重载的read_buf(),即s3c2410_nand_read_buf()
从Nand Flash的控制器的数据寄存器中读出数据.
4. 如果有必要的话,会调用在nand flash驱动中对struct nand_chip重载的
enable_hwecc,correct_data以及calculate_ecc方法,进行数据ECC校验。"

下面研究一下其中的细节:
/**
 * nand_read - [MTD Interface] MTD compability function for nand_do_read_ecc
 * @mtd:    MTD device structure
 * @from:    offset to read from
 * @len:    number of bytes to read
 * @retlen:    pointer to variable to store the number of read bytes
 * @buf:    the databuffer to put data
 *
 * This function simply calls nand_do_read_ecc with oob buffer and oobsel = NULL
 * and flags = 0xff
 */
static int nand_read (struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, size_t len, size_t * retlen, u_char * buf)
{
    return nand_do_read_ecc (mtd, from, len, retlen, buf, NULL, &mtd->oobinfo, 0xff);
}
注:
    以参数oob_buf为NULL,flags为0xff调用nand_do_read_ecc函数。

/**
 * nand_do_read_ecc - [MTD Interface] Read data with ECC
 * @mtd:    MTD device structure
 * @from:    offset to read from
 * @len:    number of bytes to read
 * @retlen:    pointer to variable to store the number of read bytes
 * @buf:    the databuffer to put data
 * @oob_buf:    filesystem supplied oob data buffer (can be NULL)
 * @oobsel:    oob selection structure
 * @flags:    flag to indicate if nand_get_device/nand_release_device should be preformed
 *        and how many corrected error bits are acceptable:
 *          bits 0..7 - number of tolerable errors
 *          bit  8    - 0 == do not get/release chip, 1 == get/release chip
 *
 * NAND read with ECC
 */
int nand_do_read_ecc (struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, size_t len,
                 size_t * retlen, u_char * buf, u_char * oob_buf,
                 struct nand_oobinfo *oobsel, int flags)
{

    int i, j, col, realpage, page, end, ecc, chipnr, sndcmd = 1;
    int read = 0, oob = 0, ecc_status = 0, ecc_failed = 0;
    struct nand_chip *this = mtd->priv;
    u_char *data_poi, *oob_data = oob_buf;//目前oob_data指针为空,以后会去修改它。
    u_char ecc_calc[32];//该数组用于存放计算出来的ecc结果
    u_char ecc_code[32];//该数组用于存放oob中ecc部分的数据
    int eccmode, eccsteps;//eccmode存放ecc的类型(ECC_SOFT);
                            eccsteps用于记录一个page所需的ecc校验次数(2)。
    int    *oob_config, datidx;
    int    blockcheck = (1 << (this->phys_erase_shift - this->page_shift)) - 1;
    int    eccbytes;
    int    compareecc = 1;//是否需要ecc标志(如果设置成ECC_NONE,这个标志将被清0)
    int    oobreadlen;


    DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL3, "nand_read_ecc: from = 0x%08x, len = %i\n", (unsigned int) from, (int) len);

    /* Do not allow reads past end of device */
    /* 不允许超越设备容量的读操作 */
    if ((from + len) > mtd->size) {
        DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "nand_read_ecc: Attempt read beyond end of device\n");
        *retlen = 0;
        return -EINVAL;
    }

    /* Grab the lock and see if the device is available */
    /* 获取自旋锁,等待设备可用并获取其控制权 */
    if (flags & NAND_GET_DEVICE)
        nand_get_device (this, mtd, FL_READING);

    /* Autoplace of oob data ? Use the default placement scheme */
    if (oobsel->useecc == MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPLACE)
        oobsel = this->autooob;
    /*
     * 感觉这一步有点多余,因为nand_scan中已经调用了以下代码:
     * memcpy(&mtd->oobinfo, this->autooob, sizeof(mtd->oobinfo));
     * 把this->autooob的内容拷贝到mtd->oobinfo中了
     */
       
    eccmode = oobsel->useecc ? this->eccmode : NAND_ECC_NONE;
    oob_config = oobsel->eccpos;//记录ecc在oob数据中的位置

    /* Select the NAND device */
    chipnr = (int)(from >> this->chip_shift);
    this->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);//选择nand flash芯片(在s3c2410 nand flash控制器中为空操作)

    /* First we calculate the starting page */
    /* 首先,我们计算出开始页码 */
    realpage = (int) (from >> this->page_shift);
    page = realpage & this->pagemask;

    /* Get raw starting column */
    /* 其次,我们计算页内偏址 */
    col = from & (mtd->oobblock - 1);

    end = mtd->oobblock;//页大小(512)
    ecc = this->eccsize;//ecc保护下的数据大小(256)
    eccbytes = this->eccbytes;//ecc所占的字节数(3)
   
    if ((eccmode == NAND_ECC_NONE) || (this->options & NAND_HWECC_SYNDROME))
        compareecc = 0;//如果设置为关闭ECC或写操作才需要ECC,那把ecc给禁用(现在可是读操作^_^)

    oobreadlen = mtd->oobsize;//16
    if (this->options & NAND_HWECC_SYNDROME)
        oobreadlen -= oobsel->eccbytes;

    /* Loop until all data read */
    while (read < len) {
       
        int aligned = (!col && (len - read) >= end);
        /*
         * If the read is not page aligned, we have to read into data buffer
         * due to ecc, else we read into return buffer direct
         * 如果要读的位置不是页对齐都话,那么只要先把整页读出来,
         * 取出所需要读取的数据,然后修改读位置,那么以后的读操作都是页对齐的了。
         */
        if (aligned)
            data_poi = &buf[read];
        else
            data_poi = this->data_buf;
       
        /* Check, if we have this page in the buffer
         *
         * FIXME: Make it work when we must provide oob data too,
         * check the usage of data_buf oob field
         * 如果我们所需要的数据还存在于缓冲中都话:
         * 1 如果读位置页对齐,我们只要把缓冲中的数据直接拷贝到data_poi(buf[read])中即可(因为数据存在与缓存中,所以也无需要考虑ecc问题)
         * 2 如果读位置不是页对齐,什么读不要作,让其继续留在缓存(data_buf)中,以后会从data_poi(指向缓存data_buf)中提取所需要的数据。
         */
        if (realpage == this->pagebuf && !oob_buf) {
            /* aligned read ? */
            if (aligned)
                memcpy (data_poi, this->data_buf, end);
            goto readdata;
        }

        /* Check, if we must send the read command */
        /* 发送读命令,页地址为page,列地址为0x00 */
        if (sndcmd) {
            this->cmdfunc (mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, 0x00, page);
            sndcmd = 0;
        }   

        /* get oob area, if we have no oob buffer from fs-driver */
        if (!oob_buf || oobsel->useecc == MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPLACE ||
            oobsel->useecc == MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPL_USR)
            oob_data = &this->data_buf[end];//以上情况,oob_data暂存在data_buf缓存中

        eccsteps = this->eccsteps;//2
       
        switch (eccmode) {
        case NAND_ECC_NONE: {    /* No ECC, Read in a page */
            static unsigned long lastwhinge = 0;
            if ((lastwhinge / HZ) != (jiffies / HZ)) {
                printk (KERN_WARNING "Reading data from NAND FLASH without ECC is not recommended\n");
                lastwhinge = jiffies;
            }
            this->read_buf(mtd, data_poi, end);
            break;
        }
           
        case NAND_ECC_SOFT:    /* Software ECC 3/256: Read in a page + oob data */
            this->read_buf(mtd, data_poi, end);//读取数据到data_poi
            for (i = 0, datidx = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i+=3, datidx += ecc)
                this->calculate_ecc(mtd, &data_poi[datidx], &ecc_calc[i]);
            /* 计算出读取到data_poi的数据的ecc值,并存放到ecc_calc数组中。
             * 因为读都数据有一页大小(512),需要分别对其上半部和下半部分计算一次ecc值,并分开存放到ecc_calc数组相应都位置中。
             */
            break;   

        default:
            for (i = 0, datidx = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i+=eccbytes, datidx += ecc) {
                this->enable_hwecc(mtd, NAND_ECC_READ);
                this->read_buf(mtd, &data_poi[datidx], ecc);

                /* HW ecc with syndrome calculation must read the
                 * syndrome from flash immidiately after the data */
                if (!compareecc) {
                    /* Some hw ecc generators need to know when the
                     * syndrome is read from flash */
                    this->enable_hwecc(mtd, NAND_ECC_READSYN);
                    this->read_buf(mtd, &oob_data[i], eccbytes);
                    /* We calc error correction directly, it checks the hw
                     * generator for an error, reads back the syndrome and
                     * does the error correction on the fly */
                    ecc_status = this->correct_data(mtd, &data_poi[datidx], &oob_data[i], &ecc_code[i]);
                    if ((ecc_status == -1) || (ecc_status > (flags && 0xff))) {
                        DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "nand_read_ecc: "
                            "Failed ECC read, page 0x%08x on chip %d\n", page, chipnr);
                        ecc_failed++;
                    }
                } else {
                    this->calculate_ecc(mtd, &data_poi[datidx], &ecc_calc[i]);
                }   
            }
            break;                       
        }

        /* read oobdata */
        this->read_buf(mtd, &oob_data[mtd->oobsize - oobreadlen], oobreadlen);
        //读取oob_data存放到oob_data[mtd->oobsize - oobreadlen],在这里是data_buf[end]中

        /* Skip ECC check, if not requested (ECC_NONE or HW_ECC with syndromes) */
        /* 跳过ecc检测 */
        if (!compareecc)
            goto readoob;   
       
        /* Pick the ECC bytes out of the oob data */
        /* 从刚读出来都oob_data中取出ecc数据(在这里是前三个字节) */
        for (j = 0; j < oobsel->eccbytes; j++)
            ecc_code[j] = oob_data[oob_config[j]];

        /* correct data, if neccecary */
        for (i = 0, j = 0, datidx = 0; i < this->eccsteps; i++, datidx += ecc) {
            ecc_status = this->correct_data(mtd, &data_poi[datidx], &ecc_code[j], &ecc_calc[j]);
            /* 拿前面计算出来都ecc_cal数组都数据与读出来的ecc数据作比较,并尝试修正错误(但不保证能修复,具体看返回值) */
           
            /* Get next chunk of ecc bytes */
            j += eccbytes;
           
            /* Check, if we have a fs supplied oob-buffer,
             * This is the legacy mode. Used by YAFFS1
             * Should go away some day
             */
            if (oob_buf && oobsel->useecc == MTD_NANDECC_PLACE) {
                int *p = (int *)(&oob_data[mtd->oobsize]);
                p[i] = ecc_status;
            }
            /* 很不幸,ecc检测发现错误且未能修复,报告错误 */   
            if ((ecc_status == -1) || (ecc_status > (flags && 0xff))) {   
                DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "nand_read_ecc: " "Failed ECC read, page 0x%08x\n", page);
                ecc_failed++;
            }
        }       

    readoob:
        /* check, if we have a fs supplied oob-buffer */
        if (oob_buf) {
            /* without autoplace. Legacy mode used by YAFFS1 */
            switch(oobsel->useecc) {
            case MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPLACE:
            case MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPL_USR:
                /* Walk through the autoplace chunks */
                for (i = 0; oobsel->oobfree[i][1]; i++) {
                    int from = oobsel->oobfree[i][0];
                    int num = oobsel->oobfree[i][1];
                    memcpy(&oob_buf[oob], &oob_data[from], num);
                    oob += num;
                }
                break;
            case MTD_NANDECC_PLACE:
                /* YAFFS1 legacy mode */
                oob_data += this->eccsteps * sizeof (int);
            default:
                oob_data += mtd->oobsize;
            }
        }
    readdata:
        /* Partial page read, transfer data into fs buffer
         * 读位置不是页对齐,从data_poi(data_buf中)提取所需要都数据
         */
        if (!aligned) {
            for (j = col; j < end && read < len; j++)
                buf[read++] = data_poi[j];//read自增
            this->pagebuf = realpage;   
        } else       
            read += mtd->oobblock;//整页读取,计数值加上整页的数目(512)

        /* Apply delay or wait for ready/busy pin
         * Do this before the AUTOINCR check, so no problems
         * arise if a chip which does auto increment
         * is marked as NOAUTOINCR by the board driver.
        */
        if (!this->dev_ready)
            udelay (this->chip_delay);
        else
            nand_wait_ready(mtd);
           
        if (read == len)//所需数据读完都情况,退出读循环
            break;   

        /* For subsequent reads align to page boundary. */
        col = 0;//对于读位置不是页对齐都情况,前面已对其进行林相应都处理,现在读位置变得页对齐了。
        /* Increment page address */
        realpage++;//页地址加1,读取下一页。

        page = realpage & this->pagemask;
        /* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
        if (!page) {
            chipnr++;
            this->select_chip(mtd, -1);
            this->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
        }
        /* Check, if the chip supports auto page increment
         * or if we have hit a block boundary.
         * 如果芯片支持页自增操作,且未到block boundary(15)的话,不用再发送读命令
        */
        if (!NAND_CANAUTOINCR(this) || !(page & blockcheck))
            sndcmd = 1;               
    }

    /* Deselect and wake up anyone waiting on the device */
    if (flags & NAND_GET_DEVICE)
        nand_release_device(mtd);//放弃对设备都控制权,好让其它进程获取并占有它

    /*
     * Return success, if no ECC failures, else -EBADMSG
     * fs driver will take care of that, because
     * retlen == desired len and result == -EBADMSG
     */
    *retlen = read;
    return ecc_failed ? -EBADMSG : 0;
}

好的,接着研究一下如何通过MTD原始设备进而通过FLASH硬件驱动向FLASH存储器写数据。

引用自<<Linux系统移植>>一文:

写Nand Flash
当对nand flash的设备文件(nand flash在/dev下对应的文件)执行系统调用write(),或在某个文件系统中对该设备
进行读操作时, 会调用struct mtd_info中write方法,他们缺省调用函数为nand_write(),这两个函数在
drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c中定义. nand_write()调用nand_write_ecc(),执行写操作.在
nand_do_write_ecc()函数中,主要完成如下几项工作:
1. 会调用在nand flash驱动中对struct nand_chip重载的select_chip方法,即
s3c2410_nand_select_chip()选择要操作的MTD芯片.
2. 调用nand_write_page()写一个页.
3. 在nand_write_page()中,会调用在struct nand_chip中系统缺省的方法cmdfunc发送写命令
到nand flash.
4. 在nand_write_page()中,会调用在nand flash驱动中对struct nand_chip重载的
write_buf(),即s3c2410_nand_write_buf()从Nand Flash的控制器的数据寄存器中写入数据.
5. 在nand_write_page()中,会调用在nand flash驱动中对struct nand_chip重载waitfunc方法,
该方法调用系统缺省函数nand_wait(),该方法获取操作状态,并等待nand flash操作完成.等
待操作完成,是调用nand flash驱动中对struct nand_chip中重载的dev_ready方法,即
s3c2410_nand_devready()函数.

下面研究一下其中的细节:
/**
 * nand_write - [MTD Interface] compability function for nand_write_ecc
 * @mtd:    MTD device structure
 * @to:        offset to write to
 * @len:    number of bytes to write
 * @retlen:    pointer to variable to store the number of written bytes
 * @buf:    the data to write
 *
 * This function simply calls nand_write_ecc with oob buffer and oobsel = NULL
 *
*/
static int nand_write (struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to, size_t len, size_t * retlen, const u_char * buf)
{
    return (nand_write_ecc (mtd, to, len, retlen, buf, NULL, NULL));
}
注:
    以参数eccbuf、oobsel为NULL,调用nand_write_ecc函数。

/**
 * nand_write_ecc - [MTD Interface] NAND write with ECC
 * @mtd:    MTD device structure
 * @to:        offset to write to
 * @len:    number of bytes to write
 * @retlen:    pointer to variable to store the number of written bytes
 * @buf:    the data to write
 * @eccbuf:    filesystem supplied oob data buffer
 * @oobsel:    oob selection structure
 *
 * NAND write with ECC
 */
static int nand_write_ecc (struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to, size_t len,
             size_t * retlen, const u_char * buf, u_char * eccbuf, struct nand_oobinfo *oobsel)
{
    int startpage, page, ret = -EIO, oob = 0, written = 0, chipnr;
    int autoplace = 0, numpages, totalpages;
    struct nand_chip *this = mtd->priv;
    u_char *oobbuf, *bufstart;
    int    ppblock = (1 << (this->phys_erase_shift - this->page_shift));//page/block

    DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL3, "nand_write_ecc: to = 0x%08x, len = %i\n", (unsigned int) to, (int) len);

    /* Initialize retlen, in case of early exit */
    *retlen = 0;

    /* Do not allow write past end of device */
    /* 超越nand flash容量的写操作是不允许的 */
    if ((to + len) > mtd->size) {
        DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "nand_write_ecc: Attempt to write past end of page\n");
        return -EINVAL;
    }

    /* reject writes, which are not page aligned */
    /* 不按页对齐的写操作同样是不允许的 */  

    if (NOTALIGNED (to) || NOTALIGNED(len)) {
        printk (KERN_NOTICE "nand_write_ecc: Attempt to write not page aligned data\n");
        return -EINVAL;
    }

    /* Grab the lock and see if the device is available */
    /* 获取设备的控制权 */
    nand_get_device (this, mtd, FL_WRITING);

    /* Calculate chipnr */
    /*
     * 存在多片flash的情况下,计算出所要写的是哪片flash?
     * (当然,像我的板,只用一片nand flash,所以这个操作是不必要的)
     */
    chipnr = (int)(to >> this->chip_shift);

    /* Select the NAND device */
    /* 片选操作 */
    this->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);

    /* Check, if it is write protected */
    /* 如果nand flash写保护,当然不能再写了 */
    if (nand_check_wp(mtd))
        goto out;

    /* if oobsel is NULL, use chip defaults */
    if (oobsel == NULL)
        oobsel = &mtd->oobinfo;       
       
    /* Autoplace of oob data ? Use the default placement scheme */
    if (oobsel->useecc == MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPLACE) {
        oobsel = this->autooob;
        autoplace = 1;
    }   
    if (oobsel->useecc == MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPL_USR)
        autoplace = 1;

    /* Setup variables and oob buffer */
    totalpages = len >> this->page_shift;//计算所要读取的数据长度共有多少页
    page = (int) (to >> this->page_shift);//计算数据所要写到的开始页码
    /* Invalidate the page cache, if we write to the cached page */
    /* 如果缓存保存的数据在我们要写数据的范围内,把缓存里的数据设置为不可用???? */
    if (page <= this->pagebuf && this->pagebuf < (page + totalpages)) 
        this->pagebuf = -1;
   
    /* Set it relative to chip */
    page &= this->pagemask;
    startpage = page;
    /* Calc number of pages we can write in one go */
    numpages = min (ppblock - (startpage  & (ppblock - 1)), totalpages);//计算出本block中允许被写的页数
    oobbuf = nand_prepare_oobbuf (mtd, eccbuf, oobsel, autoplace, numpages);//先不深入研究~_~
    bufstart = (u_char *)buf;//获取所要写数据的地址

    /* Loop until all data is written */
    /* 循环进行写操作 */
    while (written < len) {

        this->data_poi = (u_char*) &buf[written];//先把所要写的数据缓冲到data_poi下
        /* Write one page. If this is the last page to write
         * or the last page in this block, then use the
         * real pageprogram command, else select cached programming
         * if supported by the chip.
         * 如果这是所写数据的最后一个页或许这是所写block的最后一个页,调用nand flash的
         
         * pageprogram指令,真正把数据写入nand flash中(nand flash的最小擦除单元为block)

         */
        ret = nand_write_page (mtd, this, page, &oobbuf[oob], oobsel, (--numpages > 0));
        if (ret) {
            DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "nand_write_ecc: write_page failed %d\n", ret);
            goto out;
        }   
        /* Next oob page */
        oob += mtd->oobsize;
        /* Update written bytes count */
        /* 更新写入计数值 */
        written += mtd->oobblock;
        if (written == len)//写入完毕,退出
            goto cmp;
       
        /* Increment page address */
        page++;//下一页

        /* Have we hit a block boundary ? Then we have to verify and
         * if verify is ok, we have to setup the oob buffer for
         * the next pages.
         *
暂时不是很明白,需要先搞明白nand_prepare_oobbuf函数的作用
        */
        if (!(page & (ppblock - 1))){
            int ofs;
            this->data_poi = bufstart;
//怀疑nand_verify_pages用到
            ret = nand_verify_pages (mtd, this, startpage,
                page - startpage,
                oobbuf, oobsel, chipnr, (eccbuf != NULL));//一页写完,检查数据
            if (ret) {
                DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "nand_write_ecc: verify_pages failed %d\n", ret);
                goto out;
            }   
            *retlen = written;

            ofs = autoplace ? mtd->oobavail : mtd->oobsize;
            if (eccbuf)
                eccbuf += (page - startpage) * ofs;
            totalpages -= page - startpage;//更新需要写的页数
            numpages = min (totalpages, ppblock);//更新可以写的页数
            page &= this->pagemask;//更新页码
            startpage = page;//更新开始页码
            oobbuf = nand_prepare_oobbuf (mtd, eccbuf, oobsel,
                    autoplace, numpages);
            /* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
            if (!page) {
                chipnr++;
                this->select_chip(mtd, -1);
                this->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
            }
        }
    }
    /* Verify the remaining pages */
cmp:
    this->data_poi = bufstart;//怀疑nand_verify_pages用到
     ret = nand_verify_pages (mtd, this, startpage, totalpages,
        oobbuf, oobsel, chipnr, (eccbuf != NULL));
    if (!ret)
        *retlen = written;
    else   
        DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "nand_write_ecc: verify_pages failed %d\n", ret);

out:
    /* Deselect and wake up anyone waiting on the device */
    nand_release_device(mtd);//放弃对设备的控制权

    return ret;
}

/**
 * nand_write_page - [GENERIC] write one page
 * @mtd:    MTD device structure
 * @this:    NAND chip structure
 * @page:     startpage inside the chip, must be called with (page & this->pagemask)
 * @oob_buf:    out of band data buffer
 * @oobsel:    out of band selecttion structre
 * @cached:    1 = enable cached programming if supported by chip
 *
 * Nand_page_program function is used for write and writev !
 * This function will always program a full page of data
 * If you call it with a non page aligned buffer, you're lost :)
 *
 * Cached programming is not supported yet.
 */
static int nand_write_page (struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *this, int page,
    u_char *oob_buf,  struct nand_oobinfo *oobsel, int cached)
{
    int     i, status;
    u_char    ecc_code[32];
    int    eccmode = oobsel->useecc ? this->eccmode : NAND_ECC_NONE;
    int      *oob_config = oobsel->eccpos;
    int    datidx = 0, eccidx = 0, eccsteps = this->eccsteps;
    int    eccbytes = 0;
   
    /* FIXME: Enable cached programming */
    cached = 0;//在高版本的内核下找到这样的解释:
    /*
     * Cached progamming disabled for now, Not sure if its worth the
     * trouble. The speed gain is not very impressive. (2.3->2.6Mib/s)
     */
   
    /* Send command to begin auto page programming */
    /* 发送页编程指令 */
    this->cmdfunc (mtd, NAND_CMD_SEQIN, 0x00, page);

    /* Write out complete page of data, take care of eccmode */
    switch (eccmode) {
    /* No ecc, write all */
    case NAND_ECC_NONE:
        printk (KERN_WARNING "Writing data without ECC to NAND-FLASH is not recommended\n");
        this->write_buf(mtd, this->data_poi, mtd->oobblock);
        break;
       
    /* Software ecc 3/256, write all */
    case NAND_ECC_SOFT:
        for (; eccsteps; eccsteps--) {
            this->calculate_ecc(mtd, &this->data_poi[datidx], ecc_code);//计算出一页的ecc数据
            for (i = 0; i < 3; i++, eccidx++)
                oob_buf[oob_config[eccidx]] = ecc_code[i];//存放到ecc_code数组中
            datidx += this->eccsize;
        }
        this->write_buf(mtd, this->data_poi, mtd->oobblock);//调用FLASH硬件驱动层进行写操作
        break;
    default:
        eccbytes = this->eccbytes;
        for (; eccsteps; eccsteps--) {
            /* enable hardware ecc logic for write */
            this->enable_hwecc(mtd, NAND_ECC_WRITE);
            this->write_buf(mtd, &this->data_poi[datidx], this->eccsize);
            this->calculate_ecc(mtd, &this->data_poi[datidx], ecc_code);
            for (i = 0; i < eccbytes; i++, eccidx++)
                oob_buf[oob_config[eccidx]] = ecc_code[i];
            /* If the hardware ecc provides syndromes then
             * the ecc code must be written immidiately after
             * the data bytes (words) */
            if (this->options & NAND_HWECC_SYNDROME)
                this->write_buf(mtd, ecc_code, eccbytes);
            datidx += this->eccsize;
        }
        break;
    }
                                       
    /* Write out OOB data */
    if (this->options & NAND_HWECC_SYNDROME)
        this->write_buf(mtd, &oob_buf[oobsel->eccbytes], mtd->oobsize - oobsel->eccbytes);
    else
        this->write_buf(mtd, oob_buf, mtd->oobsize);//写oob data,主要把上面计算的ecc值写进去

    /* Send command to actually program the data */
    this->cmdfunc (mtd, cached ? NAND_CMD_CACHEDPROG : NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, -1, -1);

    if (!cached) {
        /* call wait ready function */
        status = this->waitfunc (mtd, this, FL_WRITING);//等待写入完成

        /* See if operation failed and additional status checks are available */
        if ((status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL) && (this->errstat)) {
            status = this->errstat(mtd, this, FL_WRITING, status, page);
        }

        /* See if device thinks it succeeded */
        if (status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL) {
            DEBUG (MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: " "Failed write, page 0x%08x, ", __FUNCTION__, page);
            return -EIO;
        }
    } else {
        /* FIXME: Implement cached programming ! */
        /* wait until cache is ready*/
        // status = this->waitfunc (mtd, this, FL_CACHEDRPG);//cached的写操作暂时没用
    }
    return 0;   
}
posted on 2007-09-04 16:18 lfc 阅读(9330) 评论(1)  编辑 收藏 引用

评论:
# re: MTD原始设备与FLASH硬件驱动的对话-续 2009-05-26 11:13 | lanmanck
高深啊,没看懂,哎  回复  更多评论
  
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