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创建表和输入数据

CREATE TABLE STUDENT
(SNO VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL,
   SNAME VARCHAR(4) NOT NULL,
   SSEX VARCHAR(2) NOT NULL,
   SBIRTHDAY DATETIME,
   CLASS VARCHAR(5))
go
CREATE TABLE COURSE
(CNO VARCHAR(5) NOT NULL,
   CNAME VARCHAR(10) NOT NULL,
   TNO VARCHAR(10) NOT NULL)
go
CREATE TABLE SCORE
(SNO VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL,
   CNO VARCHAR(5) NOT NULL,
   DEGREE NUMERIC(10, 1) NOT NULL)
go
CREATE TABLE TEACHER
(TNO VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL,
   TNAME VARCHAR(4) NOT NULL, TSEX VARCHAR(2) NOT NULL,
   TBIRTHDAY DATETIME NOT NULL, PROF VARCHAR(6),
   DEPART VARCHAR(10) NOT NULL)

INSERT INTO STUDENT (SNO,SNAME,SSEX,SBIRTHDAY,CLASS) VALUES (108 ,'曾华' ,'男' ,1977-09-01,95033);
INSERT INTO STUDENT (SNO,SNAME,SSEX,SBIRTHDAY,CLASS) VALUES (105 ,'匡明' ,'男' ,1975-10-02,95031);
INSERT INTO STUDENT (SNO,SNAME,SSEX,SBIRTHDAY,CLASS) VALUES (107 ,'王丽' ,'女' ,1976-01-23,95033);
INSERT INTO STUDENT (SNO,SNAME,SSEX,SBIRTHDAY,CLASS) VALUES (101 ,'李军' ,'男' ,1976-02-20,95033);
INSERT INTO STUDENT (SNO,SNAME,SSEX,SBIRTHDAY,CLASS) VALUES (109 ,'王芳' ,'女' ,1975-02-10,95031);
INSERT INTO STUDENT (SNO,SNAME,SSEX,SBIRTHDAY,CLASS) VALUES (103 ,'陆君' ,'男' ,1974-06-03,95031);
GO
INSERT INTO COURSE(CNO,CNAME,TNO)VALUES ('3-105' ,'计算机导论',825)
INSERT INTO COURSE(CNO,CNAME,TNO)VALUES ('3-245' ,'操作系统' ,804);
INSERT INTO COURSE(CNO,CNAME,TNO)VALUES ('6-166' ,'数据电路' ,856);
INSERT INTO COURSE(CNO,CNAME,TNO)VALUES ('9-888' ,'高等数学' ,100);
GO
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (103,'3-245',86);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (105,'3-245',75);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (109,'3-245',68);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (103,'3-105',92);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (105,'3-105',88);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (109,'3-105',76);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (101,'3-105',64);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (107,'3-105',91);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (108,'3-105',78);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (101,'6-166',85);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (107,'6-106',79);
INSERT INTO SCORE(SNO,CNO,DEGREE)VALUES (108,'6-166',81);
GO
INSERT INTO TEACHER(TNO,TNAME,TSEX,TBIRTHDAY,PROF,DEPART)
VALUES (804,'李诚','男','1958-12-02','副教授','计算机系');
INSERT INTO TEACHER(TNO,TNAME,TSEX,TBIRTHDAY,PROF,DEPART)
VALUES (856,'张旭','男','1969-03-12','讲师','电子工程系');
INSERT INTO TEACHER(TNO,TNAME,TSEX,TBIRTHDAY,PROF,DEPART)
VALUES (825,'王萍','女','1972-05-05','助教','计算机系');
INSERT INTO TEACHER(TNO,TNAME,TSEX,TBIRTHDAY,PROF,DEPART)
VALUES (831,'刘冰','女','1977-08-14','助教','电子工程系');

练习题目

1、 查询Student表中的所有记录的Sname、Ssex和Class列。
2、 查询教师所有的单位即不重复的Depart列。
3、 查询Student表的所有记录。
4、 查询Score表中成绩在60到80之间的所有记录。
5、 查询Score表中成绩为85,86或88的记录。
6、 查询Student表中“95031”班或性别为“女”的同学记录。
7、 以Class降序查询Student表的所有记录。
8、 以Cno升序、Degree降序查询Score表的所有记录。
9、 查询“95031”班的学生人数。
10、查询Score表中的最高分的学生学号和课程号。
11、查询‘3-105’号课程的平均分。
12、查询Score表中至少有5名学生选修的并以3开头的课程的平均分数。
13、查询最低分大于70,最高分小于90的Sno列。
14、查询所有学生的Sname、Cno和Degree列。
15、查询所有学生的Sno、Cname和Degree列。
16、查询所有学生的Sname、Cname和Degree列。
17、查询“95033”班所选课程的平均分。
18、假设使用如下命令建立了一个grade表:
create table grade(low   number(3,0),upp   number(3),rank   char(1));
insert into grade values(90,100,’A’);
insert into grade values(80,89,’B’);
insert into grade values(70,79,’C’);
insert into grade values(60,69,’D’);
insert into grade values(0,59,’E’);
commit;
现查询所有同学的Sno、Cno和rank列。
19、查询选修“3-105”课程的成绩高于“109”号同学成绩的所有同学的记录。
20、查询score中选学一门以上课程的同学中分数为非最高分成绩的记录。
21、查询成绩高于学号为“109”、课程号为“3-105”的成绩的所有记录。
22、查询和学号为108的同学同年出生的所有学生的Sno、Sname和Sbirthday列。
23、查询“张旭“教师任课的学生成绩。
24、查询选修某课程的同学人数多于5人的教师姓名。
25、查询95033班和95031班全体学生的记录。
26、查询存在有85分以上成绩的课程Cno.
27、查询出“计算机系“教师所教课程的成绩表。
28、查询“计算机系”与“电子工程系“不同职称的教师的Tname和Prof。
29、查询选修编号为“3-105“课程且成绩至少高于选修编号为“3-245”的同学的Cno、Sno和Degree,并按Degree从高到低次序排序。
30、查询选修编号为“3-105”且成绩高于选修编号为“3-245”课程的同学的Cno、Sno和Degree.
31、查询所有教师和同学的name、sex和birthday.
32、查询所有“女”教师和“女”同学的name、sex和birthday.
33、查询成绩比该课程平均成绩低的同学的成绩表。
34、查询所有任课教师的Tname和Depart.
35  查询所有未讲课的教师的Tname和Depart.
36、查询至少有2名男生的班号。
37、查询Student表中不姓“王”的同学记录。
38、查询Student表中每个学生的姓名和年龄。
39、查询Student表中最大和最小的Sbirthday日期值。
40、以班号和年龄从大到小的顺序查询Student表中的全部记录。
41、查询“男”教师及其所上的课程。
42、查询最高分同学的Sno、Cno和Degree列。
43、查询和“李军”同性别的所有同学的Sname.
44、查询和“李军”同性别并同班的同学Sname.
45、查询所有选修“计算机导论”课程的“男”同学的成绩表

SQL语句练习题参考答案
1、 select Sname,Ssex,Class from Student;
2、 select distinct depart from teacher;
3、 select Sno as '学号',Sname as '姓名',Ssex as '性别',Sbirthday as'出生日期',Class as'班号'from student;

select Sno as 学号,Sname as 姓名,Ssex as 性别,Sbirthday as 出生日期,Class as 班号 from student;
4、 select * from score where degree between 60 and 80;
或select * from score where degree>=60 and degree<=80;
5、 select * from score where degree in (85,86,88);
6、 select * from student where class='95031'or Ssex='女';
7、 select * from student order by class desc;
8、 select * from score order by cno asc ,degree desc;
或select * from score order by cno ,degree desc;
9、 select count(*) as CNT from student where class='95031';
10、select Sno as '学号',cno as '课程号', degree as '最高分' from score
where degree=(select max(degree) from score)
11、select avg(degree)as 课程平均分 from score where cno='3-105';
12、select cno,avg(degree) from score where cno like'3%'group by cno having   count(*) >5;
13、select Sno from score group by Sno having min(degree)>70 and max(degree)<90;
14、select student.Sname,score.Cno,score.degree from student,score where student.Sno=score.Sno;
15、select x.Sno,y.Cname,x.degree from score x,course y where x.Cno=y.Cno;
16、select x.Sname,y.Cname,z.degree from student x,course y,score z where x.Sno=z.Sno and z.Cno=y.Cno;
17、select y.Cno,avg(y.degree) from student x,score y where x.Sno=y.Sno and x.class='95033'group by y.cno;
18、select Sno,Cno,rank from score,grade where degree between low and upp order by rank;
19、select x.Cno,x.Sno,x.degree from score x,score y
where x.cno='3-105' and x.degree>y.degree and y.sno='109'and y.cno='3-105';
20、
1,查询成绩非本科最高 select *   from score b   where degree <(select max(degree) from score a where a.cno=b.cno);
2,查询成绩非本科最高并且选2门以上的学生的成绩:
21、select x.cno,x.Sno,x.degree from score x,score y where x.degree>y.degree and y.sno='109'and y.cno='3-105';
select cno,sno,degree from score   where degree >(select degree from score where sno='109' and cno='3-105')
22、select sno,sname,sbirthday from student where to_char(sbirthday,'yyyy')=(select to_char(sbirthday,'yyyy') from student where sno='108');
23、select cno,sno,degree from score where cno=(select x.cno from course x,teacher y where x.tno=y.tno and y.tname='张旭');
24、select tname from teacher where tno in(select x.tno from course x,score y where x.cno=y.cno group by x.tno having count(x.tno)>5);
25、select * from student where class in('95033','95031');
26、select distinct cno from score where degree in (select degree from score where degree>85);
27、select * from score where cno in(select x.cno from course x,teacher y where y.tno=x.tno and y.depart='计算机系');
28、select tname,prof from teacher where depart='计算机系' and prof not in (select prof from teacher where depart='电子工程系');
29、select * from score where cno='3-105' and degree>any (select degree from score where cno='3-245')order by degree desc;
30、select * from score where cno='3-105' and degree>all(select degree from score where cno='3-245');
31、select tname,tsex,tbirthday from teacher
union select sname,ssex,sbirthday from student;
32、select tname,tsex,tbirthday from teacher where tsex='女'
union select sname,ssex,sbirthday from student where ssex='女';
33、select * from score a where degree<(select avg(degree)
from score b where a.cno=b.cno);
34、select tname,depart from teacher a where exists
(select * from course b where a.tno=b.tno);
35、select tname,depart from teacher a where not exists
(select * from course b where a.tno=b.tno);
36、select class from student where ssex='男'group by class having count(*)>=2;
37、select * from student where sname not like'王_';
38、select sname as 姓名,(to_char(sysdate,'yyyy')-to_char(sbirthday,'yyyy')) as 年龄 from student
39、select sname,sbirthday as 最大 from student where   sbirthday =(select min (sbirthday) from student)
union select sname,sbirthday as 最小 from student where sbirthday =(select max(sbirthday) from student) 
40、select class,sname,sbirthday from student order by class desc,sbirthday;
41、select x.tname,y.cname from teacher x,course y where x.tno=y.tno and x.tsex='男';
42、select * from score where degree=(select max(degree)from score);
43、select sname from student where ssex=(select ssex from student where sname='李军');
44、select sname from student where ssex=(select ssex from student where sname='李军') and class=(select class from student where sname='李军');
45、select * from score where sno in(select sno from student where ssex='男') and cno=(select cno from course
where cname='计算机导论');

posted on 2008-04-29 17:19 windone 阅读(652) 评论(1)  编辑 收藏 引用 所属分类: 数据库

评论:
# re: 跨越SQL45个练习题(附答案) 2008-07-03 09:44 |
你好 我是出版社的编辑,我看到你博客中的SQL练习题的内容,感觉写的非常不错。如果想把这些内容和更多的人分享,可以和我联系,把这些东西写成书。
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