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SQL语句导入导出大全- -

Posted on 2006-08-01 12:07 阅读(350) 评论(0)  编辑 收藏 引用 所属分类: oracle学习

 

                                      

SQL语句导入导出大全

/*******  导出到excel
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp SettleDB.dbo.shanghu out c:\temp1.xls -c -q -S"GNETDATA/GNETDATA" -U"sa" -P""'

/***********  导入Excel
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions

/*动态文件名
declare @fn varchar(20),@s varchar(1000)
set @fn = 'c:\test.xls'
set @s ='''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
''Data Source="'+@fn+'";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0'''
set @s = 'SELECT * FROM OpenDataSource ('+@s+')...sheet1$'
exec(@s)
*/

SELECT cast(cast(科目编号 as numeric(10,2)) as nvarchar(255))+' ' 转换后的别名
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions

/********************** EXCEL导到远程SQL
insert OPENDATASOURCE(
         'SQLOLEDB',
         'Data Source=远程ip;User ID=sa;Password=密码'
         ).库名.dbo.表名 (列名1,列名2)
SELECT 列名1,列名2
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions


/** 导入文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp dbname..tablename in c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'

/** 导出文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp dbname..tablename out c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "Select * from dbname..tablename" queryout c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'

导出到TXT文本,用逗号分开
exec master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "库名..表名" out "d:\tt.txt" -c -t ,-U sa -P password'


BULK INSERT 库名..表名
FROM 'c:\test.txt'
WITH (
    FIELDTERMINATOR = ';',
    ROWTERMINATOR = '\n'
)


--/* dBase IV文件
select * from
OPENROWSET('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'
,'dBase IV;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\','select * from [客户资料4.dbf]')
--*/

--/* dBase III文件
select * from
OPENROWSET('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'
,'dBase III;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\','select * from [客户资料3.dbf]')
--*/

--/* FoxPro 数据库
select * from openrowset('MSDASQL',
'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\',
'select * from [aa.DBF]')
--*/

/**************导入DBF文件****************/
select * from openrowset('MSDASQL',
'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;
SourceDB=e:\VFP98\data;
SourceType=DBF',
'select * from customer where country != "USA" order by country')
go
/***************** 导出到DBF ***************/
如果要导出数据到已经生成结构(即现存的)FOXPRO表中,可以直接用下面的SQL语句

insert into openrowset('MSDASQL',
'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\',
'select * from [aa.DBF]')
select * from 表

说明:
SourceDB=c:\  指定foxpro表所在的文件夹
aa.DBF        指定foxpro表的文件名.


/*************导出到Access********************/
insert into openrowset('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
   'x:\A.mdb';'admin';'',A表) select * from 数据库名..B表

/*************导入Access********************/
insert into B表 selet * from openrowset('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
   'x:\A.mdb';'admin';'',A表)

文件名为参数
declare @fname varchar(20)
set @fname = 'd:\test.mdb'
exec('SELECT a.* FROM opendatasource(''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
    '''+@fname+''';''admin'';'''', topics) as a ')

SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="f:\northwind.mdb";Jet OLEDB:Database Password=123;User ID=Admin;Password=;')...产品

*********************  导入 xml 文件

DECLARE @idoc int
DECLARE @doc varchar(1000)
--sample XML document.BR>  SET @doc ='
< root>
  < Customer cid= "C1" name="Janine" city="Issaquah">
      < Order oid="O1" date="1/20/1996" amount="3.5" />
      < Order oid="O2" date="4/30/1997" amount="13.4"> Customer was very satisfied
      < /Order>
   < /Customer>
   < Customer cid="C2" name="Ursula" city="Oelde" >
      < Order oid="O3" date="7/14/1999" amount="100" note="Wrap it blue
             white red">
            < Urgency> Important< /Urgency>
            Happy Customer.
      < /Order>
      < Order oid="O4" date="1/20/1996" amount="10000"/>
   < /Customer>
< /root>
'
-- Create an internal representation of the XML document.
EXEC sp_xml_preparedocument.nbsp@idoc OUTPUT, @doc

-- Execute a SELECT statement using OPENXML rowset provider.
SELECT *
FROM OPENXML (@idoc, '/root/Customer/Order', 1)
      WITH (oid     char(5),
            amount  float,
            comment ntext 'text()')
EXEC sp_xml_removedocument.nbsp@idoc

???????

/**********************Excel导到Txt****************************************/
想用
select * into opendatasource(...) from opendatasource(...)
实现将一个Excel文件内容导入到一个文本文件

假设Excel中有两列,第一列为姓名,第二列为很行帐号(16位)
且银行帐号导出到文本文件后分两部分,前8位和后8位分开。


邹健:
如果要用你上面的语句插入的话,文本文件必须存在,而且有一行:姓名,银行账号1,银行账号2
然后就可以用下面的语句进行插入
注意文件名和目录根据你的实际情况进行修改.

insert into
opendatasource('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'
,'Text;HDR=Yes;DATABASE=C:\'
)...[aa#txt]
--,aa#txt)
--*/
select 姓名,银行账号1=left(银行账号,8),银行账号2=right(银行账号,8)
from
opendatasource('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'
,'Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:\a.xls'
--,Sheet1$)
)...[Sheet1$]

如果你想直接插入并生成文本文件,就要用bcp

declare @sql varchar(8000),@tbname varchar(50)

--首先将excel表内容导入到一个全局临时表
select @tbname='[##temp'+cast(newid() as varchar(40))+']'
,@sql='select 姓名,银行账号1=left(银行账号,8),银行账号2=right(银行账号,8)
into '+@tbname+' from
opendatasource(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0''
,''Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:\a.xls''
)...[Sheet1$]'
exec(@sql)

--然后用bcp从全局临时表导出到文本文件
set @sql='bcp "'+@tbname+'" out "c:\aa.txt" /S"(local)" /P"" /c'
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql

--删除临时表
exec('drop table '+@tbname)


/********************导整个数据库*********************************************/

用bcp实现的存储过程


/*
实现数据导入/导出的存储过程
         根据不同的参数,可以实现导入/导出整个数据库/单个表
调用示例:
--导出调用示例
----导出单个表
exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa..地区资料','c:\zj.txt',1
----导出整个数据库
exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa','C:\docman',1

--导入调用示例
----导入单个表
exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa..地区资料','c:\zj.txt',0
----导入整个数据库
exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa','C:\docman',0

*/
if exists(select 1 from sysobjects where name='File2Table' and objectproperty(id,'IsProcedure')=1)
drop procedure File2Table
go
create procedure File2Table
@servername varchar(200)  --服务器名
,@username varchar(200)   --用户名,如果用NT验证方式,则为空''
,@password varchar(200)   --密码
,@tbname varchar(500)   --数据库.dbo.表名,如果不指定:.dbo.表名,则导出数据库的所有用户表
,@filename varchar(1000)  --导入/导出路径/文件名,如果@tbname参数指明是导出整个数据库,则这个参数是文件存放路径,文件名自动用表名.txt
,@isout bit      --1为导出,0为导入
as
declare @sql varchar(8000)

if @tbname like '%.%.%' --如果指定了表名,则直接导出单个表
begin
set @sql='bcp '+@tbname
  +case when @isout=1 then ' out ' else ' in ' end
  +' "'+@filename+'" /w'
  +' /S '+@servername
  +case when isnull(@username,'')='' then '' else ' /U '+@username end
  +' /P '+isnull(@password,'')
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
end
else
begin --导出整个数据库,定义游标,取出所有的用户表
declare @m_tbname varchar(250)
if right(@filename,1)< > '\' set @filename=@filename+'\'

set @m_tbname='declare #tb cursor for select name from '+@tbname+'..sysobjects where xtype=''U'''
exec(@m_tbname)
open #tb
fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname
while @@fetch_status=0
begin
  set @sql='bcp '+@tbname+'..'+@m_tbname
   +case when @isout=1 then ' out ' else ' in ' end
   +' "'+@filename+@m_tbname+'.txt " /w'
   +' /S '+@servername
   +case when isnull(@username,'')='' then '' else ' /U '+@username end
   +' /P '+isnull(@password,'')
  exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
  fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname
end
close #tb
deallocate #tb
end
go


/************* Oracle **************/
EXEC sp_addlinkedserver 'OracleSvr',
   'Oracle 7.3',
   'MSDAORA',
   'ORCLDB'
GO

delete from openquery(mailser,'select *  from yulin')

select *  from openquery(mailser,'select *  from yulin')

update openquery(mailser,'select * from  yulin where id=15')set disorder=555,catago=888

insert into openquery(mailser,'select disorder,catago from  yulin')values(333,777)

补充:

对于用bcp导出,是没有字段名的.

用openrowset导出,需要事先建好表.

用openrowset导入,除ACCESS及EXCEL外,均不支持非本机数据导入

/*
功能 :  Access To DBF
ADOConnection2 =&gt; Access
*/
sql = "SELECT * INTO jyjh in \"c:\\temp\"[dbase 5.0;] FROM jyjh";
ADOConnection2-&gt;Execute(sql);

c:\temp\aaa.dbf to Access,
ADOConnection 指向Access
语句是  select * into bbb from aaa in 'c:\temp' 'dbase 5.0;'

在Form上放一个ADOConnection,连结指向目标Access库
比如txt文件在c:\temp\aaaa.txt
就执行
ADOConnection.Connected := True;
ADOConnection.Execute('Select * Into abcd From [Text;Database=c:\temp].aaaa.txt');

将Oracle导入到文本文件
连接串
Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=c:\temp;Extended Properties="text;HDR=YES;";Persist Security Info=False
SQL语句
SELECT * into aaa.txt  FROM Tab1 IN [ODBC]
[ODBC;Driver={Microsoft ODBC for Oracle};UID=oracle;PWD=oracle;SERVER=yourdata;]

将Oracle导入到Access
连接串
Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=c:\temp\db1.mdb;Persist Security Info=False
SQL语句
SELECT * into tablename  FROM Tab1 IN [ODBC]
[ODBC;Driver={Microsoft ODBC for Oracle};UID=oracle;PWD=oracle;SERVER=yourdata;]

DBase 5.0
DBASE IV
FoxPro 3.0
Paradox 7.X
Excel 8.0
text;HDR=YES;FMT=Delimited

SELECT * into aaa
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\temp\";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Text')...[bb#txt]

Excel联接ADO串
Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=C:\temp\a.xls;Extended
Properties="Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;";Persist Security Info=False
Extended Properties参数属性这样写 Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=1
IMEX=1就是指混合型转换为文本
SQLServer从Excel取数
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0','Data Source="C:\temp\b.xls";Extended Properties="Excel 5.0;HDR=Yes;";Persist Security Info=False')...sheet1$

将SQLServer导入到文本文件
连接串
Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=c:\temp;Extended Properties="text;HDR=YES;";Persist Security Info=False
SQL语句
SELECT * into aaa.txt  FROM Tab1 IN [ODBC]
[ODBC;Driver=SQL Server;UID=sa;PWD=;Server=127.0.0.1;DataBase=Demo;]
要改变分隔符,可以修改
Schema.ini文件。该文件中指明分割符,如:
    [yourfile.txt]
    ...
    Format=Delimited(|)
更详细的例子可以参考:微软的Knowledge Base的文章:"Q149090 CC: How to Use Schema.ini for Accessing Text Data"和微软的Knowledge Base的文章:"Q187670 OWT Use RDO and ODBC Text Driver to Open a Delimited Text"。

txt导入SQLServer
select * from OpenRowset('MSDASQL', 'Driver={Microsoft Text Driver (*.txt; *.csv)};
DefaultDir=c:\temp;','select * from aaaa.txt')

sql server导出到access
ADOConnection 指向Access
SELECT * into table  FROM Tab1 IN [ODBC]
[ODBC;Driver=SQL Server;UID=sa;PWD=;Server=127.0.0.1;DataBase=Demo;]

sql server导出到excel
ADOConnection 指向excel, 用Jet4.0 ,Extended properties设为Excel 8.0
SELECT * into table  FROM Tab1 IN [ODBC]
[ODBC;Driver=SQL Server;UID=sa;PWD=;Server=127.0.0.1;DataBase=Demo;]

insert into gds_order select * from gds_order
in [ODBC][ODBC;dsn=jbcmis;User Name=informix;password=informix;]

用SQLServer连接DBF
在SQLServer中执行
SELECT * into bmk
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="e:\share";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=dBase 5.0')...bmk
这样就可以把e:\share中的bmk.dbf表导入到Sqlserver中,

Access 到 Access
select * into aaa from aaa in 'c::\temp\b.mdb'
用ADOConnection.Execute执行

对foxpro 6.0采取odbc,建立一个数据源
insert into t_d(申请日期,发票序号,序号,日期,发票号,发票种类,发货单id,申请单编号,片区,部门,销售员,客户代码,客户单位,开票名称,客户邮编,客户地址,客户电话,客户税号,客户开户行,客户帐号,开票单位,邮编,地址,电话,税号,开户行,帐号,编号,品名,规格,单位,单价,数量,金额,不含税单价,不含税金额,税额,底价,税率,税率1,红票金额,红票号,发票收件人,收件人地址,收件人电话,收件人邮编,备注,打印标志,制单,复核,审核,标志1,标志,管理模式,警示标志,结算单价,结算标准,扣率,冲减金额,回款金额,少回款,回款差额,欠款金额,欠款数量,来款单序号,主管部门,退票标志,退票日期,发货日期,申请号)
SELECT 申请日期,发票序号,序号,日期,发票号,发票种类,发货单id,申请单编号,片区,部门,销售员,客户代码,客户单位,开票名称,客户邮编,客户地址,客户电话,客户税号,客户开户

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