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一个关于JAVA绘制仿真立体饼图的程序源码
作者:佚名    文章来源:转载    点击数: 8    更新时间:2005-10-29
下面程序是一个APPLET,有兴趣的朋友可以将其改为BEAN,
/程序名称:饼形图
//程序类型:JAVA APPLET
//文件类型:模板文件,由HTML驱动,数据为模拟数据
//原文件名:CakeChart.java
//程序版本:1.5
//程序设计人:杨勇
//更新日期:2003-3-13
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.math.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.geom.Arc2D;
import java.awt.geom.*;
import java.awt.Polygon;
import java.util.Date;
import java.applet.*;

public class CakeChart extends Applet
{
//初始数据
private double data[]={100.,50,113.,127.,299.234,120.,93.,123.,127.,199.,157.,189.};
private String percent[]=new String[data.length]; //每个数据所占百分比
private int radian[]=new int[data.length]; //每个数据所对应的弧度数
private double max,min;
//初始化每块饼的颜色
private int dia=240;//设置饼图透明度
private Color c1=new Color(0,255,0,dia);
private Color c2=new Color(255,255,0,dia);
private Color c3=new Color(255,0,0,dia);
private Color c4=new Color(255,128,64,dia);
private Color c5=new Color(255,128,255,dia);
private Color c6=new Color(255,0,128,dia);
private Color c7=new Color(233,124,24,dia);
private Color c8=new Color(204,119,115,dia);
private Color c9=new Color(89,159,230,dia);
private Color c10=new Color(148,140,179,dia);
private Color c11=new Color(128,0,64,dia);
private Color c12=new Color(174,197,208,dia);
private Color colors[]={c1,c2,c3,c12,c11,c6,c4,c8,c9,c10,c5,c7};
//统计图的宽度和高度
private int width=600;
private int height=400;
//定义标题起始坐标变量
private int titleStart_x;
private int titleStart_y;
//定义圆心坐标
private int oval_x=60;
private int oval_y=90;
//定义椭圆的长轴和短轴
private int long_axes=280;
private int short_axes=200;
//定义图例区域起点坐标
private int cutlineRect_x=70;
private int cutlineRect_y=450;
//定义图倒区域矩形的宽度和高度
private int cutlineRect_width=100;
private int cutlineRect_heigth=235;
//定义日期变量
private Date date=new Date();
//定义统计图其他显示信息的超始坐标
private int otherInfo_x1;
private int otherInfo_y1;
private int otherInfo_x2;
private int otherInfo_y2;
private int otherInfo_x3;
private int otherInfo_y3;
//定义标题\X\Y轴信息
private String title="服务器流量统计 (饼形统计图) ";
private String otherInfo1="西南师范大学网络教育学院";
private String otherInfo2="www.eduwest.com";
private String otherInfo3="绘图日期:";
//双缓冲设置
private Image offScreenImage =null;
private Graphics offScreenBuffer =null;

public CakeChart()
{
}
public void init()
{
offScreenImage=this.createImage(width,height);
offScreenBuffer=offScreenImage.getGraphics();
NumberBudget();
CoorBudget();
}

public void NumberBudget()
{

//求数据中的最大值和最小值
max=data[0];
min=data[0];
for(int mm=0;mm<data.length;mm++)
{
if(data[mm]>max)
max=data[mm];
if(data[mm]<min)
min=data[mm];
}
//对数据进行求和运算
float allData_sum=0;
for(int s=0;s<data.length;s++)
{
allData_sum+=data[s];
}
//计算每个数据占总数的百分比
for(int p=0;p<data.length;p++)
{
percent[p]=String.valueOf(Math.round(data[p]/allData_sum*100))+"%";
}

//计算每个数据所对应的弧度数
for(int r=0;r<data.length;r++)
{
radian[r]=Math.round((float)data[r]/allData_sum*360);
}
}

public void CoorBudget()
{
//预算标题信息的起始坐标
titleStart_x=22;
titleStart_y=(width/2)-(title.length()*15/2);
//初始化统计图其他显示信息的起始坐标(位置固定)
otherInfo_x1=390;
otherInfo_y1=450;
otherInfo_x2=400;
otherInfo_y2=480;
otherInfo_x3=390;
otherInfo_y3=5;
}

public void update(Graphics g)
{
paint(g);
}

public void paint(Graphics g)
{
PaintBackground(offScreenBuffer);
PaintChart(offScreenBuffer);
g.drawImage(offScreenImage,0,0,this);
}

public void PaintBackground(Graphics g)
{
//渐变背景初始颜色
Color BackStartColor=Color.white;
Color BackLastColor=new Color(162,189,230);
Color titleColor=Color.black;
Color otherInfoColor=new Color(41,78,118);
//标题背景颜色
Color titleBackColor=new Color(147,179,225);
//统计图中心区域颜色
Color cutlineColor=new Color(0,128,255,50);
//图例数据颜色
Color cutDataColor=Color.white;

Font titleFont=new Font("黑体",Font.BOLD,18);
Font otherFont=new Font("宋体",Font.PLAIN,12);
String year="";
String month="";
String day="";
Graphics2D g2=(Graphics2D)g;
RenderingHints hints = new RenderingHints(null);
hints.put(RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING,RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);
g2.setRenderingHints(hints);

GradientPaint gradient=new GradientPaint(0,0,BackStartColor,0,400,BackLastColor,false);
g2.setPaint(gradient);
Rectangle2D rect=new Rectangle2D.Double(0,0,width,height);
g2.fill(rect);
//绘制标题背景
g2.setColor(titleBackColor);
g2.fill3DRect(0,0,width,30,true);
//绘制图例区域背景
g2.setColor(cutlineColor);
g2.fillRect(cutlineRect_y,cutlineRect_x,cutlineRect_width,cutlineRect_heigth);
g2.setColor(Color.white);
g2.drawRect(cutlineRect_y,cutlineRect_x,cutlineRect_width,cutlineRect_heigth);
//绘制统计图标题
g2.setFont(titleFont);
g2.setColor(titleColor);
g2.drawString(title,titleStart_y,titleStart_x);
//显示统计图其它信息
g2.setFont(otherFont);
g2.setColor(otherInfoColor);
g2.drawString(otherInfo1,otherInfo_y1,otherInfo_x1);
g2.drawString(otherInfo2,otherInfo_y2,otherInfo_x2);
g2.drawString(otherInfo3,otherInfo_y3,otherInfo_x3);
//显示绘制日期
year=Integer.toString(1900+date.getYear());
month=Integer.toString(date.getMonth()+1);
day=Integer.toString(date.getDate());
g2.drawString(year+"年"+month+"月"+day+"日",otherInfo_y3+60,otherInfo_x3);
//显示数据百分比
int colorRectWH=15;
int space=5; //图例中小色块之间的间隔距离
int addData=cutlineRect_x;
for(int i=0;i<data.length;i++)
{
g2.setColor(colors[i]);
g2.fill3DRect(cutlineRect_y,addData,colorRectWH,colorRectWH,true);
if(data[i]==max || data[i]==min)
g2.setColor(Color.red);
else
g2.setColor(cutDataColor);
g2.drawString(String.valueOf(data[i])+" ("+percent[i]+")",cutlineRect_y+20,addData+colorRectWH-space);
addData+=colorRectWH+space;
}
}

public void PaintChart(Graphics g)
{
int start=0;
int rVal=192;
int gVal=192;
int bVal=192;
int frameCount=60;
Graphics2D g2=(Graphics2D)g;
RenderingHints hints = new RenderingHints(null);
hints.put(RenderingHints.KEY_ANTIALIASING,RenderingHints.VALUE_ANTIALIAS_ON);
g2.setRenderingHints(hints);

for(int t=20;t>=0;t--)
{
rVal=t*255/frameCount;
gVal=t*255/frameCount;
bVal=t*255/frameCount;
g2.setColor(new Color(rVal,gVal,bVal,50));
g2.drawOval(oval_x,oval_y+t,long_axes,short_axes);
}
for(int a=0;a<data.length;a++)
{
Arc2D arc = new Arc2D.Float(Arc2D.PIE);
g2.setColor(colors[a]);
arc.setFrame(oval_x,oval_y,long_axes,short_axes);
arc.setAngleStart(start);
arc.setAngleExtent(radian[a]);
g2.fill(arc);
if(data[a]==max || data[a]==min)
g2.setColor(Color.white);
else
g2.setColor(new Color(223,223,223,150));
g2.draw(arc);
start+=radian[a];
}

}
HTML程序:
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE> New Document </TITLE>
<META NAME="Generator" CONTENT="EditPlus">
<META NAME="Author" CONTENT="">
<META NAME="Keywords" CONTENT="">
<META NAME="Description" CONTENT="">
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<APPLET CODE="CakeChart.class" WIDTH="600" HEIGHT="400">
</APPLET>
</BODY>
</HTML>

==============================
说明:
必须将HTML和CLASS放在一个目录里,必须安装JRE(1.4及以上版本).
==============================
国外也有类似API包,有免费的也有收费的,
比如 :http://www.visualmining.com (商业的,不过可以学习其系统架构,很不错)
http://www.jfree.org/ (免费的,不过API文档要收费)
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posted on 2005-11-11 14:57 孙 岩 阅读(97) 评论(0)  编辑 收藏 引用 所属分类: JAVA
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