Ubuntu H3C认证上网及网络代理设置小结---转至linuxidc

1、认证上网。

没有网络连接的Ubuntu远不会像传说的那么强大,如果您的电脑不经常上网,红旗6.0完整版绝对是首选,一个即使是 Ubuntu的dvd版也很难用。而许多单位或小区实行网络认证后,linux系统的上网却成了问题,下面就简单介绍一下ubuntu通过认证上网的方法。

1.1 下载:下载h3c802.1xClient for linux并解压。

下载h3c802.1xClient for linux(在Linux公社FTP里)
--------------------------------------------------------------------
FTP地址:ftp://www.6688.cc/
用户名:www.linuxidc.net
密码:www.6688.cc
在2010年LinuxIDC.com\9月\Ubuntu H3C认证上网及网络代理设置小结\
--------------------------------------------------------------------

1.2 进行安装:进入被解压的文件夹,运行 sudo ./pre.ps。

1.3.1 试运行: sudo linux1x;结果可能显示缺少libstdc++-libc6.2-2.so.3这个库文件,这说明您系统里的库文件版本较高需要设置一番。

1.3.2 查看您系统里的库文件版本:cd /usr/lib;ls libstdc++*。我发现我的是libstdc++.so.6.0.13

1.3.3建立一个名为libstdc++-libc6.2-2.so.3的软连接指向libstdc++.so.6.0.13:sudo ln -s libstdc++.so.6.0.13 libstdc++-libc6.2-2.so.3

1.4配置:sudo linux1x -c;根据实际依次选定。

  wuxinxinggg补充:这里对于绑定网卡的校园网用户来说,一定要注意数据包的发送模式是brocast,而且选择是否连接后刷新IP一定要选择NO……其他的可以自定义,否则下面拨号的时候会提示:please contact the network administrator

1.5再试运行:sudo linux1x –u username/password –n eth0 –d;现在如何?

1.6为linux1x增加其他用户运行权限:sudo chmod u+s /usr/local/bin/linux1x

1.7 设置开机自动认证:系统--首选项--启动应用程序--添加;“命令栏“填 “linux1x -d”其他随便。

1.8应该OK了。


2、网络代理设置
连上网不等于能看到你想看的内容,下面就介绍几种利用免费代理的方法访问你所要看的网站。
2.1前提
2.1.1为firefox安装autoproxy插件。安转后会发现在浏览器左下方出现一“福“字。(安装地址:addons.mozilla.org/zh-CN/firefox/addon/11009/)
2.1.2配置。单击“福“--代理服务器--选择代理服务器;这时候可选择您的代理服务器种类。

2.1.3如果用chrome,则用proxy switchy插件。
2.2利用免费ssh代理
2.2.1网上许多国外的免费代理,就我用的代理可到这里去注册一个账户。
2.2.2方法一:
2.2.2.1安装expect:sudo apt-get install expect
2.2.2.2写一个脚本随便命名,比如sshgfw,将下列内容粘贴进去:
set timeout 60

spawn /usr/bin/ssh -D 7070 -g user@shell.cjb.net
# 这里的 user 为你自己的用户名,shell.cjb.net 是我从上面网址申请的服务器域名

expect {
"password:" {
send "password\r"
#这里的 password 改为你自己的密码
}
}
interact {
timeout 60 { send " "}
}

2.2.2.3给此文件加执行权限:sudo chmod a+x sshgfw;将此文件拷入/usr/local/bin中;此时时执行sshgfw即可。

2.2.3方法二:
2.2.3.1安装putty:sudo apt-get install putty
2.2.3.2配置putty:session--hostname(or ip address)框填入shell.cjb.net(此处以我的为例);在saved sessions中亦填入shell.cjb.net并点击save键;connection--ssh--tunnel,destination处点 dynamic选项,source port处填入7070并点add;此时点对话框下方的open输入用户名及密码即可实现代理。
2.2.3.3补充。当然,putty的功能远非如此,你可以登录这家提供代理服务的服务器,会发现其系统是freebsd8.0,你不妨学习一下这款据说是最稳定的服务器用类Unix系统。根据其说明你还可享有1G的空间。有趣的是我还发现和我一起的用户有五千多,很多用户名一看就是咱的同胞。
2.3利用“洋葱头“
2.3.1添加源:sudo deb http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org <DISTRIBUTION> main,其中<DISTRIBUTION>表示你Ubuntu的版本号,如10.04应该为lucid;添加 gpg key:
sudo gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv 886DDD89
sudo gpg --export A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 | sudo apt-key add -
2.3.2更新软件源并安装tor:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install tor tor-geoipdb
2.3.3运行apt-get安装polipo及vidalia
2.3.4配置polipo:将下列内容替换/etc/polipo/config 或~/.polipo

# Uncomment this if you want to use a parent SOCKS proxy:

socksParentProxy = "localhost:9050"
socksProxyType = socks5


### Memory
### ******

# Uncomment this if you want Polipo to use a ridiculously small amount
# of memory (a hundred C-64 worth or so):

# chunkHighMark = 819200
# objectHighMark = 128

# Uncomment this if you've got plenty of memory:

# chunkHighMark = 50331648
# objectHighMark = 16384

chunkHighMark = 67108864

### On-disk data
### ************

# Uncomment this if you want to disable the on-disk cache:

diskCacheRoot = ""

# Uncomment this if you want to put the on-disk cache in a
# non-standard location:

# diskCacheRoot = "~/.polipo-cache/"

# Uncomment this if you want to disable the local web server:

localDocumentRoot = ""

# Uncomment this if you want to enable the pages under /polipo/index?
# and /polipo/servers?. This is a serious privacy leak if your proxy
# is shared.

# disableIndexing = false
# disableServersList = false

disableLocalInterface = true
disableConfiguration = true

### Domain Name System
### ******************

# Uncomment this if you want to contact IPv4 hosts only (and make DNS
# queries somewhat faster):
#
# dnsQueryIPv6 = no

# Uncomment this if you want Polipo to prefer IPv4 to IPv6 for
# double-stack hosts:
#
# dnsQueryIPv6 = reluctantly

# Uncomment this to disable Polipo's DNS resolver and use the system's
# default resolver instead. If you do that, Polipo will freeze during
# every DNS query:

dnSUSEGethostbyname = yes


### HTTP
### ****

# Uncomment this if you want to enable detection of proxy loops.
# This will cause your hostname (or whatever you put into proxyName
# above) to be included in every request:

disableVia = true

# Uncomment this if you want to slightly reduce the amount of
# information that you leak about yourself:

# censoredHeaders = from, accept-language
# censorReferer = maybe

censoredHeaders = from,accept-language,x-pad,link
censorReferer = maybe

# Uncomment this if you're paranoid. This will break a lot of sites,
# though:

# censoredHeaders = set-cookie, cookie, cookie2, from, accept-language
# censorReferer = true

# Uncomment this if you want to use Poor Man's Multiplexing; increase
# the sizes if you're on a fast line. They should each amount to a few
# seconds' worth of transfer; if pmmSize is small, you'll want
# pmmFirstSize to be larger.

# Note that PMM is somewhat unreliable.

# pmmFirstSize = 16384
# pmmSize = 8192

# Uncomment this if your user-agent does something reasonable with
# Warning headers (most don't):

# relaxTransparency = maybe

# Uncomment this if you never want to revalidate instances for which
# data is available (this is not a good idea):

# relaxTransparency = yes

# Uncomment this if you have no network:

# proxyOffline = yes

# Uncomment this if you want to avoid revalidating instances with a
# Vary header (this is not a good idea):

# mindlesslyCacheVary = true

# Suggestions from Incognito configuration
maxConnectionAge = 5m
maxConnectionRequests = 120
serverMaxSlots = 8
serverSlots = 2
tunnelAllowedPorts = 1-65535

2.3.4-0重启polipo:sudo /etc/init.d/polipo restart
2.3.5运行vidalia:应用程序--互联网--vadalia,你可能会看到“Vidalia detected that the Tor software exited unexpectedly.
Please check the message log for recent warning or error messages.“这样的提示。这是因为tor已经启动不能再次启动的缘故,所以先将其关闭:sudo /etc/init.d/tor stop,然后再运行vidalia 就行了。
2.3.6补充:使用过tor的网友都知道安装tor后并不意味着就能自动实现代理,还需要进一步配置,鉴于本人比较懒散,在这里就不详解了,网上这样的文章很多。
2.3.7参考文章(墙外)
http://www.torproject.org/docs/tor-doc-unix.html.en#polipo
http://www.torproject.org/docs/debian.html
3、利用NX-client for linux访问任意网站
3.1下载客户端:https://www.tusurfer.com/tus/downloads/nxclient/nxclient_3.4.0-7_i386.deb
3.2申请帐号:https://www.tusurfer.com/tus/registerUser.do;成功后到你邮箱离去找用户名及密码。
3.3配置及登录:应用程序--互联网--NX-client for linux;点击configure,在host栏填写remote.tusurfer.com,port栏填写443,点击ok返回;login处填你的注册名,password处填密码,session处填TUS without SSL TUnnel,点击login即可登录了。登录后你会发现其操作系统是SUSE,速度堪比蜗牛(有时还是挺快的)。

posted on 2010-11-15 10:04 wuxinxinggg 阅读(499) 评论(1)  编辑 收藏 引用

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# re: Ubuntu H3C认证上网及网络代理设置小结---转至linuxidc 2010-11-15 10:15 wuxinxinggg

备注:校园网用户注意一点就是在sudo linux1x -c 配置相关信息时如果是绑定mac地址的切忌在选择Refresh your IP address after cnnecting?这一步的时候选择no,在choose the wayto initialize 802.1X authentication这一步一般选择brocast;在sent all packets by multicast选择no;其他应该没什么好注意的了……欢迎继续交流评论  回复  更多评论   

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